So your doctor has mentioned you might be a candidate for endovascular surgery. Perhaps you’ve not heard of this type of surgery before, but rest assured as it is not a new technique. In general, endovascular surgery (also referred to as interventional radiology) refers to any procedures that treat vascular disease from the inside of the blood vessels. There are multiple types of endovascular surgery that are available to patients including angioplasty, clot removal and aortic stent grafts. It is also commonly used to treat aneurysms.
Using a combination of x-rays, other imaging techniques, and small catheters (small tubes) and devices (i.e., stents, balloons), surgeons introduce the tubes into your blood vessels to treat a variety of disorders.
What to Expect
Prior to your endovascular procedure, you will meet with your doctor for a thorough medical history as well as a physical exam. Your heart health will be checked and you may have a variety of others tests, including CT scans and angiography, so your doctor can take a look at your blood vessels.
Before your procedure, you will be given a sedative or a regional anesthesia to numb the area where there will be incisions made. Once the incision is made, a guide wire will be introduced, followed by x-rays. The catheter will be inserted and the procedure performed. Additional images will be taken once the procedure is completed, to ensure proper blood flow. The incision will be closed with sutures. Most patients have 2 to 3 days recovery time before they are released.
Benefits of Endovascular Surgery
Some of the benefits to a conventional surgery include reduced recovery time and decreased patient risk. While these benefits vary from patient to patient, it is important to weight the options of conventional surgery, as endovascular surgery can often have limited durability and may require a repeated procedure in the future. Another benefit is that endovascular surgery is much less invasive than conventional procedures. It typically doesn’t require general anesthesia, and incisions are small. Patients usually are allowed to return to normal activity within 4 to 6 weeks post-surgery.
About Endovascular Surgery (Peripheral Vascular Surgery Society)